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Internet · Sciences, Math, Kinesiology, & Developmental Studies · Biology

Anatomy & Physiology II

  • Summer 1 2022
  • Section NT1F
  • 4.0 Credits
  • 06/01/2022 to 08/10/2022
  • Modified 04/21/2022

Based on recommendations from the CDC and other governmental agencies, the content delivery method for this course may need to be modified.

Meeting Times

There are no face to face meeting times.

Contact Information

Professor: Dr. Virginia Grossman

Office Hours

  • N/A

Email is the preferred method of communication.  You must use your Navarro College email account.  Emails will be answered as soon as possible, but within 24 hours.


3 lec/3 lab (4 Cr.) Anatomy and Physiology II is the second part of a two-course sequence. It is a study of the structure and function of the human body including the following systems: endocrine, cardiovascular, immune, lymphatic, respiratory, digestive (including nutrition), urinary (including fluid and electrolyte balance), and reproductive (including human development and genetics). Emphasis is on interrelationships among systems and regulation of physiological functions involved in maintaining homeostasis. The lab provides a hands-on learning experience for exploration of human system components and basic physiology. Systems to be studied include endocrine, cardiovascular, immune, lymphatic, respiratory, digestive (including nutrition), urinary (including fluid and electrolyte balance), and reproductive (including human development and genetics).


Prerequisite: BIOL 2401 must be completed with a grade of C or better before attempting BIOL 2402.


Upon completion of the core curriculum, students are expected to demonstrate competence in all of the core objectives listed in the college catalog. The overall content of this course is designed to enhance skills in each of the following core objectives.

  • Critical Thinking Skills - to include creative thinking, innovation, inquiry, and analysis, evaluation and synthesis of information
  • Communication Skills - to include effective development, interpretation and expression of ideas through written, oral and visual communication
  • Empirical and Quantitative Skills - to include the manipulation and analysis of numerical data or observable facts resulting in informed conclusions
  • Social Responsibility - to include intercultural competence, knowledge of civic responsibility, and the ability to engage effectively in regional, national, and global communities
  • Personal Responsibility - ability to connect choices, actions and consequences to ethical decision making
  • Teamwork - to include the ability to consider different points of view and to work effectively with others to support a shared purpose or goal.


Student Learning Outcomes:

            Upon completion of this course, the student will be able to:

            Lecture Outcomes: assessed with test questions

  1. Use anatomical terminology to identify and describe locations of major organs of each system covered. Core objective: Communication Skills
  2. Explain interrelationships among molecular, cellular, tissue, and organ functions in each system.  Core Objective: Critical Thinking Skills
  3. Describe the interdependency and interactions of the systems. Core objective: Critical Thinking Skills
  4. Explain contributions of organs and systems to the maintenance of homeostasis.  Core objective: Critical Thinking Skills
  5. Identify causes and effects of homeostatic imbalances.  Core objective: Critical Thinking Skills
  6. Describe modern technology and tools used to study anatomy and physiology. Core objective: Communication Skills.

Lab Outcomes: assessed with a lab and rubric

  1. Apply appropriate safety and ethical standards. Core objective: Teamwork
  2. Locate and identify anatomical structures. Core objective: Communication
  3. Appropriately utilize laboratory equipment, such as microscopes, dissection tools, general lab ware, physiology data acquisition systems, and virtual simulations. Core objective: Empirical and Quantitative Skills
  4. Work collaboratively to perform experiments. Core objectives: Teamwork, Empirical and Quantitative Skills, Critical Thinking Skills
  5. Demonstrate the steps involved in the scientific method. Core objectives: Critical Thinking Skills Empirical and Quantitative Skills, Teamwork. Communication Skills
  6. Communicate results of scientific investigations, analyze data and formulate conclusions. Core objectives: Teamwork, Communication Skills, Empirical and Quantitative Skills, Critical Thinking Skills
  7. Use critical thinking and scientific problem-solving skills, including, but not limited to inferring integrating, synthesizing, and summarizing, to make decisions, recommendations and predictions. Core objectives: Critical Thinking Skills,  Empirical and Quantitative Skills

Required and Optional Materials

Visit the Navarro College Bookstore:

  • Textbook: Anatomy and Physiology: An Integrative Approach (4th ed.) by McKinley, O'Loughlin, Bidle; McGraw-Hill Publisher 
  • Lab: Laboratory Manual for Human Anatomy & Physiology Fetal Pig Version (4th ed.) By Terry Martin and Cynthia Prentice-Craver; McGraw-Hill Publisher (purchased from bookstore)
  • This course uses Immediate Access for the electronic version of the textbook and all online supplemental materials (Virtual labs, etc)

Assignments and Activities

Lab Exercises from the lab manual will be assigned weekly.  There will also be virtual lab exercises (through McGraw-Hill Connect) assigned, but on a more selective basis.  These are graded assignments - incomplete or late work is not accepted.

Grading Criteria

Grade criteria will conform to the established policy of Navarro College as stated in the College catalog: A=90-100%; B=80-89%; C=70-79%; D=60-69%; F=59% or below.


Method of Instruction:

Face-to-face courses: Lecture accompanied by PowerPoint, whiteboard/chalkboard diagrams, and various class activities. Labs using microscopes, prepared slides, models, specimens to dissect, and other materials as needed.

Online courses: Lecture notes accompanied by videos, online class activities, virtual labs, prepared slides, and models.  Other materials as needed. 

In addition to traditional lecture, Navarro College uses the Canvas Learning Management System to provide course materials and activities assigned by the instructor.

Method of Evaluation:

Lecture Tests (best 3 of 4)                                         50%

Lab Practicals   (2)                                                     15%

Lab Exercises (both lab manual & virtual)                 15%

Final Exam                                                                  20%

Students must pass both lecture and lab in order to pass the course.

Online sections require proctored testing.

Course Policies

Food and beverages should not be consumed in labs.

Instructional Methodologies

Face to Face  Hybrid Online

Face to face courses are taught in a traditional classroom format. 

Courses classified as “Hybrid” in the course schedule (identified with the letter ‘H’ in the course section designation) will use a combination of face-to-face classroom and online instructional methods. A minimum of 50 percent of the course must be taught online to be classified as a hybrid course.

Students must have regular access to a computer and a reliable internet connection, either on campus or in a personal setting, to complete all assignments.

In addition to traditional lecture, Navarro College uses the Canvas Learning Management System to provide course materials and activities assigned by the instructor. Access user information here:

To access Canvas:

(1) Go to: 
(2) Enter your User Name (MyNC ID) and Password
(3) Click on the Canvas icon and locate your course in your Canvas Dashboard.

Please note some courses will also use materials provided by the publisher and require the student to have an access code in order to complete assignments, activities, and exams. Please see the Materials section of this syllabus to determine if an access code will be necessary for this course.

Final Exams

Students are required to take final exams during the posted final exam week and should not make travel reservations or other plans which would require them to request a rescheduled final.  Requests to take final exams early, or at a time other than indicated on the final exam schedule, must be approved by the appropriate Executive Dean and are granted only in exceptional circumstances. Personal or family travel plans are not deemed as exceptional circumstances.

Confidentiality and Mandatory Reporting

Students may choose to share personal information or experiences, as appropriate, in written assignments, class discussions, presentations, and conferences with instructors. While instructors and other college employees will strive to keep personal student information private, they are required to report information about sexual misconduct, childhood abuse, and criminal activity to the proper authorities. Students may speak to someone confidentially by contacting NorthSTAR Mobile Crisis at 1-800-260-8000 or the Navarro College Licensed Counselor at 903-875-7393.

Course Content and Rigor

College-level courses may include controversial, sensitive, and/or adult material. Students are expected to have the readiness for college-level rigor and content.


All Navarro College students are required to use their Navarro College email to correspond with instructors and other Navarro College personnel.

Academic Integrity

Students are expected to do their own work at all times. Cheating is a serious offense with serious consequences which may include any of the following:  a grade of zero, course failure, or removal from a program.

Student Conduct

All students enrolled in classes at Navarro College shall follow the tenets of common decency and acceptable behavior conducive to a positive learning environment. Behavior deemed by the instructor to be disruptive may result in the student being dropped from the course.

Subject to Change

The Course Syllabus and/or the Course Calendar may be changed as the term progresses at the discretion of the department and/or instructor.

Late/Make-Up Work

Late or incomplete work is not accepted.

There will be no make-up exams.  If you miss a lecture exam, that is the grade that will be dropped.  If you miss more than one lecture exam, you will make a zero on the second and any subsequent missed exams.

Lab Practical and Lab Exercise (lab manual or virtual) grades may not be dropped.

Institutional Policies

Students are expected and required to have read the Student Handbook and to consult appropriate sections of the College Catalog for general academic information.

Attendance and Preparation

Face to Face and Hybrid Online

Regular and punctual class attendance is expected at Navarro College as a key element for student success. Excessive absenteeism is defined as two consecutive weeks of instruction in a 16-week semester (or the equivalent in any shorter term) and may result in being dropped from the course.

Students who miss class to participate in a co-curricular activity must have written permission (e-mail accepted) from a coach/director and must make prior arrangements with the instructor to take an examination or complete an assignment scheduled for that day. 

Regular (daily or weekly) online work is a key element for student success in an internet-based class.  Students must complete the first assignment by the designated deadline to document participation in the course.  The instructor will drop any student who fails to complete an assignment by the deadline provided in Canvas.

Although the instructor MAY withdraw a student from the class for insufficient participation the RESPONSIBILITY for dropping a class belongs to the student! Insufficient participation is defined as not logging in and completing assignments for the equivalent of two consecutive weeks.  If you are unable to complete the course, you should formally drop it.

  • Additional information regarding attendance requirements is available in the Navarro College Catalog.
  • You may drop this class by completing an online form. It is the student's responsibility to visit with his or her instructor concerning course status before submitting the required paperwork to the Office of Admissions and Records to drop this class. Additional information about dropping a class may be found in the Navarro College Catalog:
  • Failure to withdraw by the deadline may result in your name remaining on the class roll, resulting in a grade of ‘F’ at the end of the semester. 
  • A student who foresees educational issues related to pregnancy, postpartum recovery, or other physical or mental health matters is strongly encouraged to notify the College as soon as possible.  By doing so, the student and College personnel can collaborate and develop an appropriate plan for the continuation of the student's education.  Pre-planning when possible also may help with particular challenges a student faces while pregnant, when recovering from childbirth, or in response to a physical or mental health concern (e.g., missed classes, make-up work).  The choice to inform the College of any health concern is voluntary. A student is not required to share this information with the College. A student may choose to consult a College counselor or the Office of Disability Services before deciding whether or not to disclose any health-related information.
  • If you are receiving financial aid grants or loans, you must ATTEND AND PARTICIPATE in all classes FROM THE FIRST CLASS DAY.  Do not drop or stop attending any class without consulting the Financial Aid Office. Changes in your enrollment level and/or failing grades may require you to repay financial aid funds.  
  • All students receiving Veterans Administration (VA) benefits must notify the Veteran’s Certifying Official of any enrollment changes as soon as they are made. The Veterans Affairs benefit recipient needs to be aware that the VA may require repayment of all benefits received since the beginning of a semester for any course in which a “W” grade is received
  • According to current Texas law, dropping a course may have serious academic consequences. Under most circumstances, a maximum of 6 courses may be dropped throughout the entire undergraduate degree program. Before you decide to withdraw from this or any other course, make sure you understand the consequences. For more information see the Office of the Registrar.

MyNC Single Sign-On

MyNC Single Sign-On:

The MyNC Single Sign-On page provides one-stop access to several student resources, such as the MyNC Portal, Canvas, Office365 (Student Email), and Self-Service.

For Login Instructions, please visit:

For Login Assistance, please contact:

Contact Center (formerly the OneStop Service Desk)
Phone: (903) 875-7416
Email: [email protected]

Your privacy is extremely important.  Please DO NOT SHARE your account information with anyone.

Always include full name and date of birth, phone number, and valid email address when contacting the Contact Center. Navarro College will not disclose sensitive account access information with anyone other than the student regardless of student’s age.

Link to Canvas Student Guides:

Links to Important Information

Academic Decorum:

Includes:  Civility, Being a Successful Student, Classroom Decorum, Change of Grade, Grade Challenge Procedure, Academic Dishonesty, and User Responsibilities for IT Resources/Penalties for Violation of Technology Policy, Tobacco Use Policy

Academic Integrity:

College Catalog:

Campus Safety:

Family Education Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA):

Student Rights and Responsibilities:

Student Handbook:

Links to Campus Services

Bulldog Life: Learning. Living. Launching: 

Navarro College's Bulldog Life is a student success service to all students. Opportunities include Canvas courses, meaningful activities, Culture of Caring and travel opportunities. Bulldog Life is a self-guided experience. We know that every student is in a different stage in life. 

Counseling Services: 

The Counseling Center is staffed by licensed counselors who provide brief counseling, assessment, referral, and crisis intervention services to currently-enrolled Navarro College students. The Navarro College Counseling Center is free, confidential, and available to all enrolled NC students.

Testing Center Hours and Contact Information:

Online Proctored Testing Information:

Library Services:

Tutorial Services:

NOTE: In addition to Navarro College tutoring services, students also have access to free 24/7 tutoring by visiting UpSwing ( and logging in to their UpSwing account.  If you're a new user, click NEW USER to create an account.

Disability Services: 

It is the responsibility of the student to contact Navarro College Disability Services Office to request accommodations.

The instructor is committed to helping each student reach his/her academic potential and to providing every student equal opportunity to participate in and engage with the course.  In keeping with this commitment, effort has been made to develop accessible learning materials that provide equal access.  Please contact the instructor immediately if access to course materials is restricted due to a disability so the issue(s) can be resolved in a timely manner.

Student Support and Administrative Services:


Major Course Topics:

A more detailed Course Schedule will be posted in Canvas.

Lecture Topics to include, but are not limited to: 

Chapter 17- Endocrine system (anatomy and physiology) 

Chapters 18, 19, 20- Blood and the Cardiovascular system (heart, blood vessels); (anatomy and physiology) 

Chapters 21, 22- Lymphatic system; innate and adaptive immunity (anatomy and physiology) 

Chapter 23- Respiratory system (anatomy and physiology) 

Chapters 24, 25- Urinary system; fluid, electrolyte, and pH balance (anatomy and physiology) 

Chapters 26, 27- Digestive system; nutrition, metabolism (anatomy and physiology) 

Chapters 28, 29- Reproductive system human development, heredity (anatomy and physiology) 


Labs to include but are not limited to: (minimum required materials are in italics) 

  1. pg 419-429 in the lab manual- endocrine system (human torsos, brain models, prepared slides of endocrine tissue, microscopes) 
  2. pg 441-465 in the lab manual- blood, blood typing (can be simulated blood) (prepared slides of human blood, microscopes, blood typing kit) 
  3. pg 467-487 in the lab manual- heart anatomy and cardiovascular physiology (heart models, sheep hearts to dissect, dissecting tools and trays, stethoscopes) 
  4. pg 501-523 in the lab manual- histology and gross anatomy of blood vessels (human torso, arm and leg models with blood vessels; models or prepared slides of blood vessel histology)
  5. pg 527-535 in the lab manual- lymphatic system and immunity (torsos, blood typing if not done in blood lab) 
  6. pg 537-557 in the lab manual- anatomy and physiology of the respiratory system (models of the respiratory system, spirometers) 
  7. pg 577-599 in the lab manual- anatomy of the digestive system (models of the digestive system)
  8. pg 611-631 in the lab manual- anatomy and physiology (urinalysis) of the urinary system (models of the urinary system, urinalysis strips) 
  9. pg 633-651 in the lab manual- anatomy of the reproductive systems of males and females (models of the male and female reproductive systems) 
  10. pg 655-675 in the lab manual- pregnancy, human development, genetics (models of human development and or prepared slides) 
  11. Fetal pig dissection in the lab manual- this dissection is done over multiple weeks and should include most organ systems studied in anatomy and physiology II (endocrine system, heart, blood vessels, respiratory system, digestive system, urinary system, and reproductive system)