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Internet · Sciences, Math, Kinesiology, & Developmental Studies · Biology

Anatomy & Physiology I

  • Summer 1 2022
  • Section NT1F
  • 4.0 Credits
  • 06/01/2022 to 08/10/2022
  • Modified 08/02/2022

Based on recommendations from the CDC and other governmental agencies, the content delivery method for this course may need to be modified.

Meeting Times

Lecture - Lab


The student is responsible for a proper working device and reliable internet connection for this course.  Student-use laptops are available for checkout on campus.

There are No Makeups, Retests, Extra Credit, or Extra points for this course.

Contact Information

Dr. Floretta Jones

Virtual Office Hours - Dr. Jones will be available via email

Monday - Friday 10 am-5 pm


3 lec/3 lab (4 Cr.) Anatomy and Physiology I is the first part of a two course sequence. It is a study of the structure and function of the human body including cells tissues and organs of the following systems: integumentary, skeletal, muscular, nervous, and special senses. Emphasis is on interrelationships among systems and regulation of physiological functions involved in maintaining homeostasis. The lab provides a hands-on learning experience for exploration of human system components and basic physiology. Systems to be studied include integumentary skeletal, muscular, nervous and special senses.


Upon completion of the core curriculum, students are expected to demonstrate competence in all of the core objectives listed in the college catalog. The overall content of this course is designed to enhance skills in each of the following core objectives.

  • Critical Thinking Skills - to include creative thinking, innovation, inquiry, and analysis, evaluation and synthesis of information
  • Communication Skills - to include effective development, interpretation and expression of ideas through written, oral and visual communication
  • Empirical and Quantitative Skills - to include the manipulation and analysis of numerical data or observable facts resulting in informed conclusions
  • Social Responsibility - to include intercultural competence, knowledge of civic responsibility, and the ability to engage effectively in regional, national, and global communities
  • Personal Responsibility - ability to connect choices, actions and consequences to ethical decision making
  • Teamwork - to include the ability to consider different points of view and to work effectively with others to support a shared purpose or goal.


Student Learning Outcomes:

Upon completion of this course, the student will be able to:

Lecture Outcomes: assessed with test questions

  1. Use anatomical terminology to identify and describe locations of major organs of each system covered. Core objective: Communication Skills
  2. Explain interrelationships among molecular, cellular, tissue, and organ functions in each system. Core Objective: Critical Thinking Skills
  3. Describe the interdependency and interactions of the systems. Core objective: Critical Thinking Skills
  4. Explain contributions of organs and systems to the maintenance of homeostasis. Core objective: Critical Thinking Skills
  5. Identify causes and effects of homeostatic imbalances. Core objective: Critical Thinking Skills
  6. Describe modern technology and tools used to study anatomy and physiology. Core objective: Communication Skills.       

Lab Outcomes: assessed with a lab and rubric

  1. Apply appropriate safety and ethical standards. Core objective: Teamwork
  2. Locate and identify anatomical structures. Core objective: Communication
  3. Appropriately utilize laboratory equipment, such as microscopes, dissection tools, general lab ware, physiology data acquisition systems, and virtual simulations. Core objective: Empirical and Quantitative Skills
  4. Work collaboratively to perform experiments. Core objectives: Teamwork, Empirical and Quantitative Skills, Critical Thinking Skills
  5. Demonstrate the steps involved in the scientific method. Core objectives: Critical Thinking Skills, Empirical and Quantitative Skills, Teamwork. Communication Skills
  6. Communicate results of scientific investigations, analyze data and formulate conclusions. Core objectives: Teamwork, Communication Skills, Empirical and Quantitative Skills, Critical Thinking Skills
  7. Use critical thinking and scientific problem-solving skills, including, but not limited to inferring, integrating, synthesizing, and summarizing, to make decisions, recommendations and predictions. Core objectives: Critical Thinking Skills, Empirical and Quantitative Skills

Required and Optional Materials

Textbook: Anatomy & Physiology: An Integrative Approach. O'Loughlin et al, McGraw Hill 4th Ed. (This course uses Inclusive Access for the lecture and supplemental materials. --> part of course registration fees)

Lab Manual: Laboratory Manual for Human Anatomy & Physiology, Martin et al., McGraw Hill 4th Ed. (REQUIRED - purchase in the campus bookstore)



Assignments and Activities

Lecture Exams - all lecture exams will be administered online using Canvas and Lockdown Browser.   Each lecture exam will consist of multiple-choice questions and short answer/essay questions with occasional use of true/false and matching. Exams will cover the material presented in lectures and/or assigned textbook/case study readings.  Lecture Exams will OPEN at 8 am on Sunday and will CLOSE at 8 am on Wednesday of the scheduled week.  

Lab practical Exams - lab exams will be administered online using Canvas and Lockdown Browser.  Exams will cover the material that is covered in the lab manual.  Practical questions will consist of fill in the blank and there is NO word bank.  Correct spelling is required in order to receive credit for the question.  Any misspellings will result in zero (0) points for the question.  Lab practical exams will OPEN at 8 am on Wednesday and will CLOSE at 8 am on Saturday of the scheduled week. 

Lab Quizzes -Lab quizzes will consist of fill in the blank, short answer questions from lab material. There is NO word bank. Correct spelling is required in order to receive credit for the question.  Any misspellings will result in zero (0) points for the question.  Lab quizzes will OPEN at 8 am Wednesday and will CLOSE at 8 am on Saturday of the scheduled week.  

Online Lab Activities - online lab activities in McGraw Connect will be used to aid in students understanding of the course material.  These assignments will coincide with the lab exercises in the lab manual.   ALL LAB ACTIVITIES will be OPEN at the start of the online course (June 1) and will CLOSE at 8am on the scheduled final exam day (August 7th).  

McGraw Connect has many study aids available to strengthen your understanding of the material and facilitate course success. Anatomy & Physiology Revealed and the Anatomy atlas are helpful study tools to master the course content. Lab quiz and practical images will come from McGraw Connect and the lab manual.

If you do not have access to a computer at home there are computers available for rent at the kiosk on campus.

Final Exam - the final exam will be administered online using Canvas and Lockdown Browser and will be comprehensive.  The exam will consist of multiple choice questions to evaluate student learning outcomes. The Final Exam will OPEN at 8 am on Sunday August 7th and will CLOSE at 8 am on Wednesday August 10th in Canvas, in accordance with the Navarro College Final Exam schedule for Summer 2022. 

***Students are expected to complete all assignments during the scheduled time.  Failure to complete the exams/quizzes/practicals/labs) by the designated due dates will result in a zero (0) grade.***

There are NO MAKE-UP, Extra credit, Extra assignments for this class.  Students are expected to complete assignments during the scheduled availability. 

MCGRAW HILL CONNECT - The online component of BIOL 2401 is accessible through Canvas.  To access your textbook and study materials, simply do the following:

  1. Click on McGraw Hill Connect (located in the left-hand menu of Canvas).  

The student is responsible for a proper working device and reliable internet connection.  It is highly recommended that students use a computer (not cell phone) for all assignments.  Student-use laptops are available for checkout on campus.

Grading Criteria

The grade criteria will conform to the established policy of Navarro College as stated in the College catalog: A=90-100%; B=80-89%; C=70-79%; D=60-69%; F=59% or below.  The final course grade is based on the total number of points earned at the end of the semester. The instructor will not round up the total points for grade determination.  Final letter grade is determined by the total points earned out of the total points possible for the course.  The percentage given is so that students may gauge their performance as the semester progresses.  Students who do not earn the minimum number of points for each grade level (A, B, C, etc.) will obtain the grade to which their total points corresponds.  DO NOT ASK FOR EXTRA POINTS to compensate for ‘almost there’ scenario.  Point totals will be taken at face value and letter grade will be assigned as follows.  It is the students responsibility to understand the grading system.

The student is responsible for keeping up with the accuracy of the posted grade in Canvas.  The student has one week from the time the grade is posted to challenge any discrepancy, except for the final exam.  Once the time has passed, the grade posted will become the official grade and will not be changed.

Points Earned


Letter Grade

900 and above

90% and above











599.99 and Below

59.9% and Below


Method of Instruction: Lecture accompanied by PowerPoint, whiteboard/chalkboard diagrams, and various class activities. Labs using microscopes, prepared slides, models, specimens to dissect, and other materials as needed.

In addition to traditional lecture, Navarro College uses the Canvas Learning Management System to provide course materials and activities assigned by the instructor.

Method of Evaluation:

Lecture Exams x 4 @ 100 pts each                                               400 

Lab Practical Exams x 2 @ 100 pts ea                                          200

Lab Quizzes x 5 @ 20 pts                                                                100 

Online Activities x 10 @ 10                                                              100

Final Exam (comprehensive)                                                           200

TOTAL POINTS                                                                                 1000

There are No Makeups, Retests, Extra Credit, or Extra points for this course.

Course Policies

Food and beverages should not be consumed in labs.

Instructional Methodologies

Face to Face  Hybrid Online

Face to face courses are taught in a traditional classroom format. 

Courses classified as “Hybrid” in the course schedule (identified with the letter ‘H’ in the course section designation) will use a combination of face-to-face classroom and online instructional methods. A minimum of 50 percent of the course must be taught online to be classified as a hybrid course.

Students must have regular access to a computer and a reliable internet connection, either on campus or in a personal setting, to complete all assignments.

In addition to traditional lecture, Navarro College uses the Canvas Learning Management System to provide course materials and activities assigned by the instructor. Here is a video overview of Canvas:

To access Canvas:

(1) Go to: [email protected] 
(2) Enter your User Name (MyNC ID) and Password
(3) Click on the Canvas icon and locate your course in your Canvas Dashboard.

Please note some courses will also use materials provided by the publisher and require the student to have an access code in order to complete assignments, activities, and exams. Please see the Materials section of this syllabus to determine if an access code will be necessary for this course.

Final Exams

Students are required to take final exams during the posted final exam week and should not make travel reservations or other plans which would require them to request a rescheduled final.  Requests to take final exams early, or at a time other than indicated on the final exam schedule, must be approved by the appropriate Executive Dean and are granted only in exceptional circumstances. Personal or family travel plans are not deemed as exceptional circumstances.

There are No Makeups, Retests, Extra Credit, or Extra points for this course.

Confidentiality and Mandatory Reporting

Students may choose to share personal information or experiences, as appropriate, in written assignments, class discussions, presentations, and conferences with instructors. While instructors and other college employees will strive to keep personal student information private, they are required to report information about sexual misconduct, childhood abuse, and criminal activity to the proper authorities. Students may speak to someone confidentially by contacting NorthSTAR Mobile Crisis at 1-800-260-8000 or the Navarro College Licensed Counselor at 903-875-7393.

Course Content and Rigor

College-level courses may include controversial, sensitive, and/or adult material. Students are expected to have the readiness for college-level rigor and content.



All Navarro College students are REQUIRED to use their Navarro College Student Email to correspond with instructors and other Navarro College Personnel.,

Dr. Jones’ Email Policy

  • If students email the professor from a third party vendor (yahoo, Gmail, etc), she will not respond.
  • When sending email to Dr. Jones, follow these guidelines:
    • Start with a Greeting- Hello, Good Morning, Dear etc.
    • Instructors teach multiple classes and multiple disciplines, so your thorough introduction is greatly appreciated.
  • Always include your Name, Course and Section number
  • Use complete sentences and proper punctuation in correspondence.
  • The following behavior WILL NOT be tolerated: foul, vulgar, inappropriate, discriminatory, rude, or otherwise unprofessional language. 
    • Behavior that does not adhere to the Navarro College Student Code of Conduct will be reported to the appropriate dean/program coordinator and will result in a face-to-face meeting between the student and instructor.
  • Remember, the relationship between student and professor is a PROFESSIONAL relationship NOT a friendship, therefore be sure to not include Dr. Jones in your forwarded emails to friends, classmates, chat rooms, or personal updates.
  • Dr. Jones will respond to student emails Monday – Friday 10 am – 5 pm only. Emails arriving after hours on weekdays or over the weekend will be answered the next following business day.
  • Dr. Jones will attempt to respond to student emails as soon as possible within a 24 hour period barring system downtime, accident, sickness, or any other causes beyond her control.

Email correspondence that does not adhere to the above etiquette policy will not be answered.

Academic Integrity

Students are expected to do their own work at all times. Cheating is a serious offense with serious consequences which may include any of the following:  a grade of zero, course failure, or removal from a program.

In this online environment, a certain level of trust was bestowed upon each student to conduct oneself in an honorable and professional manner. Trust and honesty are the foundation of academia! Cheating in an academic setting is a cardinal sin. Keep in mind that there will be severe consequences if this cardinal sin is committed. In case the temptation arises, DON'T EVEN THINK ABOUT IT!

Policy for Online Exam Environment – Zero Tolerance Policy

Navarro College uses Respondus LockDown Browser and video recording of online examination. The following rules are strictly enforced to maintain the academic integrity. Failure to comply will result in a zero grade for the assignment in which the offense was committed. In addition to these rules, the professor reserves his right to enforce the policy based on students’ questionable behavior before and during the exam.

  1. Getting ready for the exam:
    1. Room Scan requirements – Scan the area and the room slowly for clear visibility.
      1. Students will scan the immediate area where the computer is used for testing purpose.
      2. Students will scan the entire surrounding area where testing is taken place.
      3. If this scan does not show clearly the testing area, the student will be given zero for the exam.
    2. Place all electronic devices, including but not limited to cell phones, tablets, smart watches, another computer away from the testing area. This can be documented during the room scan for evidentiary purpose.
    3. Keep the microphone and video turn on until finishing the exam.
  2. During the exam:
    1. Student is the only person allowed in the exam area. Students are responsible to inform parents, siblings, friends, and anyone else of their exam taking status to stay away from the exam area. If anyone is visible or someone is talking to the student, zero will be given for the exam.
    2. Students are strongly advised to keep their eyes straight forward to the computer screen where the exam is displayed. A slight movement of the eyes is allowed for keyboard and mouse usage. However, continuous deflecting one’s eyes to any direction away from the screen is called for academic integrity violation and zero will be given for the exam.
    3. Respondus uses facial recognition to determine students’ behaviors while taking exam. The following rules are specifically applied when it comes to Respondus documentation of students’ facial features.
      1. The student’s face must be completely and clearly visible in the video for the entire time while taking exam. The face is defined as the frontal area of the human head to include the forehead, eyes, nose, mouth, and chin.
      2. Do not cover the face or impede facial features visualization by sunglasses, clothing articles (hoodies, cap, hat, etc.). Face covering as required for health protocol by the State of Texas is the only exception to this rule.
      3. Respondus will alert students when facial detection is compromised. Students are responsible to correct their behaviors immediately to show their faces again. If this alert is turned off by students, it is a clear violation of academic integrity and zero will be given for the exam.
    4. Do not read the questions and answers out loud while taking the exam. This is not allowed in person face-to-face setting; thus, is not allowed in the online environment. Violation will result in zero be given for the exam.
    5. Students can use one blank piece of paper as scrap paper. If this is needed, students must show the paper slowly and clearly at the beginning of the exam. Students will speak clearly to declare their intention of using the scrap paper for documentation. Failure to do so will result in zero be given for the exam.
    6. Once again, students are strongly advised to keep their eyes forward to the computer screen while taking the exam and maintain their behaviors as that of taking an exam in person in a face-to-face setting. Whatever activities are not allowed in the face-to-face setting for the exam are not allowed in the online environment as well. Zero will be given for the exam for violations.

Failure to comply to any of the above rules will result in academic integrity violation and zero will be given for the exam. This is a Zero Tolerance Policy.



Student Conduct

All students enrolled in classes at Navarro College shall follow the tenets of common decency and acceptable behavior conducive to a positive learning environment. Behavior deemed by the instructor to be disruptive may result in the student being dropped from the course.

Subject to Change

The Course Syllabus and/or the Course Calendar may be changed as the term progresses at the discretion of the department and/or instructor.

Missed Exam Policy/Personal Responsibility

There is no late/makeup work for this course.  All assessments will be open for a set period of time and students are expected to complete assignments on time as listed in the class schedule.  Failure to complete an assignment by the due date will result in a zero (0) grade and it cannot be made up.

  • Students are required to take all exams as scheduled. No exam will be given earlier or later than the scheduled date.
  • There is NO MAKE-UP for Lecture Exam, Lab Practical Exam, Lab Quiz.
  • To maintain integrity of the exam and fairness to unexpected or emergency event, the following policy is used for ONE missed Lecture Exam or Lab Practical Exam only.
    • The missed Lecture Exam or Lab Practical Exam will be given a zero.
    • At the end of the semester, the professor will take the average of all the exams that student had taken and use that to replace the zero (0) for the missed exam.
    • Example
      • There are six major exams (lecture and lab) for the course.
      • Student A missed Lecture Exam 2 – zero (0) is recorded in the grade book.
      • Student A took the other five exams with results as followed
        • Lecture Exam 1 – 80 points
        • Lecture Exam 3 – 90 points
        • Lecture Exam 4 – 70 points
        • Lab Practical Exam 1 – 80 points
        • Lab Practical Exam 2 – 70 points
      • The average of all five exams = (80 + 90 + 70 + 80 + 80) / 5 = 78 points, which will be used to replace the zero for missing Lecture Exam 2.
    • This policy ONLY applies to ONE (1) missed lecture exam or lab exam.  If the student misses more than one (1) lecture or lab exam, they may need to consider retaking this class during another semester.

There are No Makeups, Retests, Extra Credit, or Extra points for this course.

Personal Responsibility Policy

As a Navarro College student, your achievement in this course depends not only on your understanding of the material but also on your ability to take responsibility for the actions that can determine your success. The actions listed below are considered the minimum requirements necessary for you to attain your academic goals.  

The student is responsible for the following:

  1. Read and Follow the Course Syllabus.
  2. Keep up with the class schedule and assignment due dates.
  3. Read and follow the instructions for all assignments.
  4. Read/watch all announcements.
  5. Give yourself ample time to study and complete assignments– proper time management is critical, especially in an online course.
  6. Do not wait to ask questions – If you are struggling with content and study methods, please reach out to your instructor as soon as possible so that we can help you.
  7. Make sure that your internet connection and computer are properly working and reliable. You are responsible for your internet connectivity and computer.  If you do not have reliable equipment/connection, please utilize any of the Navarro College campuses.  Each campus has Wi-Fi, student laptops available for checkout, and testing centers on-site. 



Institutional Policies

Students are expected and required to have read the Student Handbook and to consult appropriate sections of the College Catalog for general academic information.

Attendance and Preparation

Face to Face and Hybrid Online

Regular and punctual class attendance is expected at Navarro College as a key element for student success. Excessive absenteeism is defined as two consecutive weeks of instruction in a 16-week semester (or the equivalent in any shorter term) and may result in being dropped from the course.

Students who miss class to participate in a co-curricular activity must have written permission (e-mail accepted) from a coach/director and must make prior arrangements with the instructor to take an examination or complete an assignment scheduled for that day. 

Regular (daily or weekly) online work is a key element for student success in an internet-based class.  Students must complete the first assignment by the designated deadline to document participation in the course.  The instructor will drop any student who fails to complete an assignment by the deadline provided in Canvas.

Although the instructor MAY withdraw a student from the class for insufficient participation the RESPONSIBILITY for dropping a class belongs to the student! Insufficient participation is defined as not logging in and completing assignments for the equivalent of two consecutive weeks.  If you are unable to complete the course, you should formally drop it.

  • Additional information regarding attendance requirements is available in the Navarro College Catalog.
  • You may drop this class by completing an online form. It is the student's responsibility to visit with his or her instructor concerning course status before submitting the required paperwork to the Office of Admissions and Records to drop this class. Additional information about dropping a class may be found in the Navarro College Catalog:
  • Failure to withdraw by the deadline may result in your name remaining on the class roll, resulting in a grade of ‘F’ at the end of the semester. 
  • A student who foresees educational issues related to pregnancy, postpartum recovery, or other physical or mental health matters is strongly encouraged to notify the College as soon as possible.  By doing so, the student and College personnel can collaborate and develop an appropriate plan for the continuation of the student's education.  Pre-planning when possible also may help with particular challenges a student faces while pregnant, when recovering from childbirth, or in response to a physical or mental health concern (e.g., missed classes, make-up work).  The choice to inform the College of any health concern is voluntary. A student is not required to share this information with the College. A student may choose to consult a College counselor or the Office of Disability Services before deciding whether or not to disclose any health-related information.
  • If you are receiving financial aid grants or loans, you must ATTEND AND PARTICIPATE in all classes FROM THE FIRST CLASS DAY.  Do not drop or stop attending any class without consulting the Financial Aid Office. Changes in your enrollment level and/or failing grades may require you to repay financial aid funds.  
  • All students receiving Veterans Administration (VA) benefits must notify the Veteran’s Certifying Official of any enrollment changes as soon as they are made. The Veterans Affairs benefit recipient needs to be aware that the VA may require repayment of all benefits received since the beginning of a semester for any course in which a “W” grade is received
  • According to current Texas law, dropping a course may have serious academic consequences. Under most circumstances, a maximum of 6 courses may be dropped throughout the entire undergraduate degree program. Before you decide to withdraw from this or any other course, make sure you understand the consequences. For more information see the Office of the Registrar.

MyNC Single Sign-On

MyNC Single Sign-On:

The MyNC Single Sign-On page provides one-stop access to several student resources, such as the MyNC Portal, Canvas, Office365 (Student Email), and Self-Service.

For Login Instructions, please visit:

For Login Assistance, please contact:

Contact Center (formerly the OneStop Service Desk)
Phone: (903) 875-7416
Email: [email protected]

Your privacy is extremely important.  Please DO NOT SHARE your account information with anyone.

Always include full name and date of birth, phone number, and valid email address when contacting the Contact Center. Navarro College will not disclose sensitive account access information with anyone other than the student regardless of student’s age.

Link to Canvas Student Guides:

Links to Important Information

Academic Decorum:

Includes:  Civility, Being a Successful Student, Classroom Decorum, Change of Grade, Grade Challenge Procedure, Academic Dishonesty, and User Responsibilities for IT Resources/Penalties for Violation of Technology Policy, Tobacco Use Policy

Academic Integrity:

College Catalog:

Campus Safety:

Family Education Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA):

Student Rights and Responsibilities:

Student Handbook:

Links to Campus Services

Bulldog Life: Learning. Living. Launching: 

Navarro College's Bulldog Life is a student success service to all students. Opportunities include Canvas courses, meaningful activities, Culture of Caring and travel opportunities. Bulldog Life is a self-guided experience. We know that every student is in a different stage in life. 

Counseling Services: 

The Counseling Center is staffed by licensed counselors who provide brief counseling, assessment, referral, and crisis intervention services to currently-enrolled Navarro College students. The Navarro College Counseling Center is free, confidential, and available to all enrolled NC students.

Testing Center Hours and Contact Information:

Online Proctored Testing Information:

Library Services:

Tutorial Services:

NOTE: In addition to Navarro College tutoring services, students also have access to free 24/7 tutoring by visiting UpSwing ( and logging in to their UpSwing account.  If you're a new user, click NEW USER to create an account.

Disability Services: 

It is the responsibility of the student to contact Navarro College Disability Services Office to request accommodations.

The instructor is committed to helping each student reach his/her academic potential and to providing every student equal opportunity to participate in and engage with the course.  In keeping with this commitment, effort has been made to develop accessible learning materials that provide equal access.  Please contact the instructor immediately if access to course materials is restricted due to a disability so the issue(s) can be resolved in a timely manner.

Student Support and Administrative Services:



Major Course Topics:

Lecture Topics to include, but are not limited to:

Chapter 1- body organization, homeostasis, anatomical terms

Chapter 2- chemistry of biology

Chapter 3- cell organelles, cell cycle, protein synthesis

Chapters 4, 5- tissues and the integumentary system

Chapters 6, 7, 8- Bone and skeletal tissues, appendicular and axial skeletons, articulations

Chapters 9, 10- Muscle tissue, muscle physiology, gross anatomy of muscles

Chapters 11, 12, 13, 14- fundamentals of nervous system, neurons, central and peripheral nervous systems, reflexes, autonomic nervous system

Chapter 15- special senses

Labs to include but are not limited to: (minimum required materials are in italics)

  1. Labs 1 and 2 in the lab manual- Introduction to body parts (human torsos)
  2. Lab 5 in the lab manual- cell structure, mitosis (cell models, microscopes, slides of mitosis)
  3. Lab 6 in the lab manual- tissues (microscopes, prepared slides of the 4 main tissue types)
  4. Lab 7 in the lab manual- Skin (skin models)
  5. Labs 8-11 in the lab manual - Skeletal system and Joints (skeleton, disarticulated skeleton, bone histology models or prepared slides of bone tissue, models of joints)
  6. Lab 12-13 in the lab manual – muscle histology, gross anatomy of muscles (torso models, arm and leg models, models of muscle cells or prepared slides of all 3 muscle tissues)
  7. Lab 14 in the lab manual- Neurons and peripheral nervous system (models of neurons, models of neuromuscular junction)
  8. Lab 15 in the lab manual- central nervous system, dissection of sheep brains (models of brains, sheep brains to dissect, dissecting tools and trays)
  9. Lab 18 in the lab manual- anatomy of eyes, ears; dissection of sheep eyes (models of eyes and ears, sheep eyes to dissect, dissecting tools and trays)