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Waxahachie · Sciences, Math, Kinesiology, & Developmental Studies · Biology

Anatomy & Physiology II

  • Summer 2 2021
  • Section 61H
  • 4.0 Credits
  • 07/13/2021 to 08/12/2021
  • Modified 05/18/2021

Based on recommendations from the CDC and other governmental agencies, the content delivery method for this course may need to be modified.

Meeting Times

Lecture and Lab Days/Times/Locations:

  • Summer II: July 13- August 12th
  • Waxahachie Campus

Class meets from 8 AM - 12:10 PM  Tuesday, Thursday

Lecture- 8AM to 10AM  room B 145

Lab- 10:10 AM- 12:10 PM  room C 128


These times may vary depending on subject matter.

Contact Information

Instuctor: Dr. Stuart Lazarus

Office hours: By appointment 

                      before class, during breaks or immediately after class

Office Hours


3 lec/3 lab (4 Cr.) Anatomy and Physiology II is the second part of a two-course sequence. It is a study of the structure and function of the human body including the following systems: endocrine, cardiovascular, immune, lymphatic, respiratory, digestive (including nutrition), urinary (including fluid and electrolyte balance), and reproductive (including human development and genetics). Emphasis is on interrelationships among systems and regulation of physiological functions involved in maintaining homeostasis. The lab provides a hands-on learning experience for exploration of human system components and basic physiology. Systems to be studied include endocrine, cardiovascular, immune, lymphatic, respiratory, digestive (including nutrition), urinary (including fluid and electrolyte balance), and reproductive (including human development and genetics).


Prerequisite: BIOL 2401 must be completed with a grade of C or better before attempting BIOL 2402.


Upon completion of the core curriculum, students are expected to demonstrate competence in all of the core objectives listed in the college catalog. The overall content of this course is designed to enhance skills in each of the following core objectives.

  • Critical Thinking Skills - to include creative thinking, innovation, inquiry, and analysis, evaluation and synthesis of information
  • Communication Skills - to include effective development, interpretation and expression of ideas through written, oral and visual communication
  • Empirical and Quantitative Skills - to include the manipulation and analysis of numerical data or observable facts resulting in informed conclusions
  • Social Responsibility - to include intercultural competence, knowledge of civic responsibility, and the ability to engage effectively in regional, national, and global communities
  • Personal Responsibility - ability to connect choices, actions and consequences to ethical decision making
  • Teamwork - to include the ability to consider different points of view and to work effectively with others to support a shared purpose or goal.


Student Learning Outcomes:

            Upon completion of this course, the student will be able to:

            Lecture Outcomes: assessed with test questions

  1. Use anatomical terminology to identify and describe locations of major organs of each system covered. Core objective: Communication Skills
  2. Explain interrelationships among molecular, cellular, tissue, and organ functions in each Core Objective: Critical Thinking Skills
  3. Describe the interdependency and interactions of the systems. Core objective: Critical Thinking Skills
  4. Explain contributions of organs and systems to the maintenance of Core objective: Critical Thinking Skills
  5. Identify causes and effects of homeostatic Core objective: Critical Thinking SKills
  6. Describe modern technology and tools used to study anatomy and physiology.Core objective: Communication Skills.

Lab Outcomes: assessed with a lab and rubric

  1. Apply appropriate safety and ethical standards. Core objective: Teamwork
  2. Locate and identify anatomical structures. Core objective: Communication
  3. Appropriately utilize laboratory equipment, such as microscopes, dissection tools, general lab ware, physiology data acquisition systems, and virtual simulations. Core objective: Empirical and Quantitative Skills
  4. Work collaboratively to perform experiments. Core objectives: Teamwork, Empirical and Quantitative Skills, Critical Thinking Skills
  5. Demonstrate the steps involved in the scientific method. Core objectives: Critical Thinking Skills Empirical and Quantitative Skills, Teamwork. Communication Skills
  6. Communicate results of scientific investigations, analyze data and formulate conclusions. Core objectives: Teamwork, Communication Skills, Empirical and Quantitative Skills, Critical Thinking Skills
  7. Use critical thinking and scientific problem-solving skills, including, but not limited to,inferring integrating, synthesizing, and summarizing, to make decisions, recommendations and predictions. Core objectives: Critical Thinking Skills,  Empirical and Quantitative Skills

Required and Optional Materials

Visit the Navarro College Bookstore:

Human Anatomy & Physiology, Marieb, Hoehn, 11th ed., Pearson Publisher

Mastering A&P (bundled with textbook), optional

 Visual Lab Manual, Sarikas:  Pearson Publisher, optional for online classes

Assignments and Activities

Assignments for the A&P lab book will be handed out during the first week of class.    Assignments concerning what chapters in the text book will be covered on a weekly basis will be discussed the first day of class and a handbook will be provided. Dates for tests (lecture, lab practicals) will be contained in the same above mentioned handout. 

Discussion questions will be posted on Canvas on a weekly basis and will be graded as part of your class participation. We will discuss this further during the first day of class.

Method of Instruction may include lectures, PowerPoint presentations, videos, class discussions, lab exercises and and any other methods deemed necessary to enhance student learning.

Your lab grade will be based on your lab participation and two practical exams.  Your presence, being in the lab for the full period, earns you a bonus of 2 points each lab.  Two major lab exams, in the form of fill in the blanks, are given during the semester. There are no make-ups for the lab practicals!

In lecture, there will be a minimum of four exams and a comprehensive final exam. Each exam may include a mixture of multiple choice, matching, labeling, fill in the blank, short essays.

An individual must pass both lecture and lab work to pass the course.

Assignments Points
Lecture Exams (4)  500 points (125 points each test)   
Lab- 2 lab practicals 200 points (100 points each) 
Lab notebook 50 points (25 pts each time graded)
Final 200 points
Class/Lab Attendance, Participation 50 points
TOTAL 1,000 points


Grading Criteria

Grade criteria will conform to the established policy of Navarro College as stated in the College catalog: A=90-100%; B=80-89%; C=70-79%; D=60-69%; F=59% or below.

Based on the above numbers and the total number of points for the semester is 1,000:

A- 900 to 1,000      B- 800 to 899   C- 700 to799   D- 600 to 699   F less than 600 points


Method of Instruction:

Lecture accompanied by PowerPoint, oard/whitebchalkboard diagrams, and various class activities. Labs using microscopes, prepared slides, models, specimens to dissect, and other materials as needed.

In addition to traditional lecture, Navarro College uses the Canvas Learning Management System to provide course materials and activities assigned by the instructor. We use Discussion questions to help our students further understand the material covered in the textbook and help the instructor see what areas need further discussion in the class setting.

Method of Evaluation:

Major Tests (4-6)                                 40-50%

Labs (12-14) & 2 Lab Practicals       30-40%

Final Exam                                            10-20%

Other                                                       5-15%


Online sections require proctored testing.

Course Policies

Food and beverages should not be consumed in labs.

Instructional Methodologies

Face to Face  Hybrid Online

Face to face courses are taught in a traditional classroom format. 

Courses classified as “Hybrid” in the course schedule (identified with the letter ‘H’ in the course section designation) will use a combination of face-to-face classroom and online instructional methods. A minimum of 50 percent of the course must be taught online to be classified as a hybrid course.

Students must have regular access to a computer and a reliable internet connection, either on campus or in a personal setting, to complete all assignments.

In addition to traditional lecture, Navarro College uses the Canvas Learning Management System to provide course materials and activities assigned by the instructor. Access user information here:

To access Canvas:

(1) Go to: 
(2) Enter your User Name (MyNC ID) and Password
(3) Click on the Canvas icon and locate your course in your Canvas Dashboard.

Please note some courses will also use materials provided by the publisher and require the student to have an access code in order to complete assignments, activities, and exams. Please see the Materials section of this syllabus to determine if an access code will be necessary for this course.

Final Exams

Students are required to take final exams during the posted final exam week and should not make travel reservations or other plans which would require them to request a rescheduled final.  Requests to take final exams early, or at a time other than indicated on the final exam schedule, must be approved by the appropriate Executive Dean and are granted only in exceptional circumstances. Personal or family travel plans are not deemed as exceptional circumstances.

Confidentiality and Mandatory Reporting

Students may choose to share personal information or experiences, as appropriate, in written assignments, class discussions, presentations, and conferences with instructors. While instructors and other college employees will strive to keep personal student information private, they are required to report information about sexual misconduct, childhood abuse, and criminal activity to the proper authorities. Students may speak to someone confidentially by contacting NorthSTAR Mobile Crisis at 1-800-260-8000 or the Navarro College Licensed Counselor at 903-875-7393.

Course Content and Rigor

College-level courses may include controversial, sensitive, and/or adult material. Students are expected to have the readiness for college-level rigor and content.

NC Email

All Navarro College students are required to use their Navarro College email to correspond with instructors and other Navarro College personnel.

If you cannot access your Navarro College (Office365) Email account, contact the Contact Center at (903) 875-7416 (or email [email protected]).  Be sure to include your full name, student ID, date of birth, and phone number when reaching out to the Contact Center.


Academic Integrity

Students are expected to do their own work at all times. Cheating is a serious offense with serious consequences which may include any of the following:  a grade of zero, course failure, or removal from a program.

In this online environment, a certain level of trust has been bestowed upon each student to conduct oneself in a honorable and professional manner. Trust and honesty are the foundation of academia! Cheating in an academic setting is a cardinal sin. Keep in mind that there will be severe consequences if this cardinal sin is committed In case the temptation arises, DON'T EVEN THINK ABOUT IT!

Policy for Online Exam Environment-Zero Tolerance Policy

Navarro College uses Respondus LockDown Brower and video recording of online examination. The following rules are strictly enforced to maintain the academic integrity.  Failure to comply will result in a zero grade for the assignment in which the offense was committed. In addition to these rules, the professor reserves their right to enforce the policy based on students' questionable behavior before and during the exam.

Getting ready for the exam:

-Room Scan requirements- Scan the area and the room slowly for clear visibility.

a) students will scan the immediate area where the computer is used for testing purpose.

b) students will scan the entire surrounding area where testing is taken place.

c) If this scan does not show clearly the testing area, the student will be given zero for the exam.

-Place all electronic devices, including but not limited to cell phones, tablets, smart watches, another computer away from the testing area. This can be documented during the room scan for evidentiary purpose.

-Keep the microphone and video turn on until finishing the exam.

-During the exam:

-Student is the only person allowed in the exam area. Students are responsible to inform parents, siblings, friends, and anyone else of their exam taking status to stay away from the exam area. If anyone is visible or someone is talking to the student, zero will be given for the exam.

-Students are strongly advised to keep their eyes straight forward to the computer screen where the exam is displayed.  A slight movement of the eyes is allowed for keyboard and mouse usage. However, continuous deflecting one's eyes to any direction away from the screen is called for academic integrity violation and zero will be given for the exam.

-Respondus uses uses facial recognition to determine students' behaviors while taking exam. The following rules are specifically applied when it comes to Respondus documentation of students' facial features.

-The student's face must be completely and clearly visible in the video for the entire time while taking exam. The face is defined as the frontal area of the human head to include the forehead eyes, nose, mouth and chin.

-Do not cover the face or impede facial features visualization by sunglasses, clothing, articles (hoodies, cap, hat, etc.). Face covering as required for health protocol by the State of Texas is the only exception to this rule.

-Respondus will alert students when facial detection is compromised.  Students are responsible to correct their behaviors immediately to show their faces again. If this aleert is turned off by students, it is a clear violation of academic integrity and zero will be given for the exam.

-Do not read the questions and answers out loud while taking the exam. This is not allowed in person face-to-face setting: thus is not allowed in the online environment.  Violation will result in zero be given for the exam.

-Students can use on blank piece of paper as scrap paper. If this is needed, students must show the paper slowly and clearly at the beginning of the exam.  Students will speak clearly to declare their intention of using the scrap paper for documentation.  Failure to do so will result in zero be given for the exam.

-Once again, students are strongly advised to keep their eyes forward to the computer screen while taking the exam and maintain their behaviors as that of taking an exam in person in a face-to-face setting. Whatever activities are not allowed in the face-to-face setting for the exam are not allowed in the online environment as well. Zero will be given for the exam for violations.

Failure to comply to any of the above rules will result in academic integrity violation and zero will be given for the exam.  This is a Zero Tolerance Policy.

Academic Dishonesty                                                                          

Students are expected to do their own work (unless this is a group project) at all times.  Any student guilty of dishonesty in academic work is subject to disciplinary action as provided by the student code of conduct at Navarro College and may receive a failing grade in the course.  Other penalties may also apply.  Cheating is a serious offense with serious consequences.

Cheating includes but not limited to:

a) copying another person's test paper; using electronic devices for answers

b) using materials not authorized by the instructor during the exam

c) knowingly using, buying, selling or stealing part or all of a test prior to it being administered

d) substituting for another student, or permitting another person to substitute for oneself for a test

e) taking a copy of the exam out of the room

f) taking pictures of a test with a cell phone or camera

Consult the student handbook for more details

Late work/makeup exams: Late work will only be accepted with a valid excuse.  The validity of the excuse is at the discretion of the instructor. Make-up lecture exams may only be taken with a valid excuse and must be taken within 3 days of the date of the missed test.


A make-up exam, with the permission of the instructor, will be taken in the Testing Center (972-923-6472 call for an appointment. Since the person taking the make-up exam will have more time to study, short essay may be on those exams if it is the second time taking a make-up test.

Student Conduct

All students enrolled in classes at Navarro College shall follow the tenets of common decency and acceptable behavior conducive to a positive learning environment. Behavior deemed by the instructor to be disruptive may result in the student being dropped from the course.

Subject to Change

The Course Syllabus and/or the Course Calendar may be changed as the term progresses at the discretion of the department and/or instructor.

Late/Make-Up Work

Institutional Policies

Students are expected and required to have read the Student Handbook and to consult appropriate sections of the College Catalog for general academic information.

Attendance and Preparation

Face to Face and Hybrid Online

Regular and punctual class attendance is expected at Navarro College as a key element for student success. Excessive absenteeism is defined as two consecutive weeks of instruction in a 16-week semester (or the equivalent in any shorter term) and may result in being dropped from the course.

Students who miss class to participate in a co-curricular activity must have written permission (e-mail accepted) from a coach/director and must make prior arrangements with the instructor to take an examination or complete an assignment scheduled for that day. 

Regular (daily or weekly) online work is a key element for student success in an internet-based class.  Students must complete the first assignment by the designated deadline to document participation in the course.  The instructor will drop any student who fails to complete an assignment by the deadline provided in Canvas.

Although the instructor MAY withdraw a student from the class for insufficient participation the RESPONSIBILITY for dropping a class belongs to the student! Insufficient participation is defined as not logging in and completing assignments for the equivalent of two consecutive weeks.  If you are unable to complete the course, you should formally drop it.

  • Additional information regarding attendance requirements is available in the Navarro College Catalog.
  • You may drop this class by completing an online form. It is the student's responsibility to visit with his or her instructor concerning course status before submitting the required paperwork to the Office of Admissions and Records to drop this class. Additional information about dropping a class may be found in the Navarro College Catalog.
  • Failure to withdraw by the deadline may result in your name remaining on the class roll, resulting in a grade of ‘F’ at the end of the semester. 
  • A student who foresees educational issues related to pregnancy, postpartum recovery, or other physical or mental health matters is strongly encouraged to notify the College as soon as possible.  By doing so, the student and College personnel can collaborate and develop an appropriate plan for the continuation of the student's education.  Pre-planning when possible also may help with particular challenges a student faces while pregnant, when recovering from childbirth, or in response to a physical or mental health concern (e.g., missed classes, make-up work).  The choice to inform the College of any health concern is voluntary. A student is not required to share this information with the College. A student may choose to consult a College counselor or the Office of Disability Services before deciding whether or not to disclose any health-related information.
  • If you are receiving financial aid grants or loans, you must ATTEND AND PARTICIPATE in all classes FROM THE FIRST CLASS DAY.  Do not drop or stop attending any class without consulting the Financial Aid Office. Changes in your enrollment level and/or failing grades may require you to repay financial aid funds.  
  • All students receiving Veterans Administration (VA) benefits must notify the Veteran’s Certifying Official of any enrollment changes as soon as they are made. The Veterans Affairs benefit recipient needs to be aware that the VA may require repayment of all benefits received since the beginning of a semester for any course in which a “W” grade is received
  • According to current Texas law, dropping a course may have serious academic consequences. Under most circumstances, a maximum of 6 courses may be dropped throughout the entire undergraduate degree program. Before you decide to withdraw from this or any other course, make sure you understand the consequences. For more information see the Office of the Registrar.

MyNC Single Sign-On

MyNC Single Sign-On:

The MyNC Single Sign-On page provides one-stop access to several student resources, such as the MyNC Portal, Canvas, Office365 (Student Email), and Self-Service.

For Login Instructions, please visit: 

For Login Assistance, please contact:

OneStop Service Desk
Phone: (903) 875-7416
Email: [email protected]

Your privacy is extremely important.  Please DO NOT SHARE your account information with anyone.

Always include full name and date of birth, phone number, and valid email address when contacting the One-Stop Service Desk. Navarro College will not disclose sensitive account access information with anyone other than the student regardless of student’s age.

For Assistance with Canvas, please contact:

Matt Miller, Dean of Online Instruction
Phone: (903) 875-7422
Email: [email protected]

Links to Important Information

Academic Decorum:

Includes:  Civility, Being a Successful Student, Classroom Decorum, Change of Grade, Grade Challenge Procedure, Academic Dishonesty, and User Responsibilities for IT Resources/Penalties for Violation of Technology Policy, Tobacco Use Policy

Academic Integrity:

College Catalog:

Campus Safety:

Family Education Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA):

Student Rights and Responsibilities:

Student Handbook:

Links to Campus Services

Bulldog Life: Learning. Living. Launching: 

Navarro College's Bulldog Life is a student success service to all students. Opportunities include Canvas courses, meaningful activities, Culture of Caring and travel opportunities. Bulldog Life is a self-guided experience. We know that every student is in a different stage in life. 

Counseling Services: 

The Counseling Center is staffed by licensed counselors who provide brief counseling, assessment, referral, and crisis intervention services to currently-enrolled Navarro College students. The Navarro College Counseling Center is free, confidential, and available to all enrolled NC students.

Testing Center Hours and Contact Information:

Online Proctored Testing Information:

Library Services:

Tutorial Services:

NOTE: In addition to Navarro College tutoring services, students also have access to free 24/7 tutoring by visiting UpSwing ( and logging in to their UpSwing account.  If you're a new user, click NEW USER to create an account.

Disability Services: 

It is the responsibility of the student to contact Navarro College Disability Services Office to request accommodations.

The instructor is committed to helping each student reach his/her academic potential and to providing every student equal opportunity to participate in and engage with the course.  In keeping with this commitment, effort has been made to develop accessible learning materials that provide equal access.  Please contact the instructor immediately if access to course materials is restricted due to a disability so the issue(s) can be resolved in a timely manner.

Student Support and Administrative Services:

Additional Items


Major Course Topics:


Lecture Topics to include, but are not limited to:

Chapter 16- Endocrine system (anatomy and physiology)

Chapters 17, 18, 19- Blood and the Cardiovascular system (heart, blood vessels); (anatomy and physiology)

Chapters 20, 21- Lymphatic system; innate and adaptive immunity (anatomy and physiology)

Chapter 22- Respiratory system (anatomy and physiology)

Chapters 23, 24- Digestive system; nutrition, metabolism (anatomy and physiology)

Chapters 25, 26- Urinary system; fluid, electrolyte and pH balance (anatomy and physiology)

Chapters 27, 28, 29- Reproductive system human development, heredity (anatomy and physiology)


Labs to include but are not limited to: (minimum required materials are in italics)

  1. Lab 19 in the lab manual- endocrine system (human torsos, brain models, prepared slides of endocrine tissue, microscopes)
  2. Lab 20 in the lab manual- blood, blood typing (can be simulated blood) (prepared slides of human blood, microscopes, blood typing kit)
  3. Labs 21, 22 in the lab manual- heart anatomy and cardiovascular physiology (heart models, sheep hearts to dissect, dissecting tools and trays, stethoscopes)
  4. Lab 23 in the lab manual- histology and gross anatomy of blood vessels (human torso, arm and leg models with blood vessels; models or prepared slides of blood vessel histology)
  5. Lab 25 in the lab manual- lymphatic system and immunity (torsos, blood typing kit if not done in number 2)
  6. Labs 26, 27 in the lab manual- anatomy and physiology of the respiratory system (models of the respiratory system, spirometers)
  7. Lab 28 in the lab manual- anatomy of the digestive system (models of the digestive system)
  8. Labs 30, 31 in the lab manual- anatomy and physiology (urinalysis) of the urinary system (models of the urinary system, urinalysis strips)
  9. Lab 32 in the lab manual- anatomy of the reproductive systems of males and females (models of the male and female reproductive systems)
  10. Lab 33 in the lab manual- pregnancy and human development (models of human development and or prepared slides)
  11. Fetal pig dissection in the lab manual- this dissection is done over multiple weeks and should include most organ systems studied in anatomy and physiology II (endocrine system, heart, blood vessels, respiratory system, digestive system, urinary system, reproductive system)